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KVM GPU passthrough Ubuntu 20.04

· 4 min read


  • Host: Ubuntu 20.04
  • Guest: Ubuntu 20.04
  • GPU: NVIDIA® GeForce® RTX 2080 Ti

Enable IOMMU#

Configure GRUB#

Edit /etc/default/grub

# Intel CPUGRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="intel_iommu=on"# AMD CPUGRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="amd_iommu=on iommu=pt kvm_amd.npt=1 kvm_amd.avic=1"

Update GRUB#

sudo update-grub


sudo shutdown -r now

Verify IOMMU is enabled#

dmesg | grep IOMMU


IOMMU enabled

Enable IOMMU group#

Check IOMMU group is enabled#

for a in /sys/kernel/iommu_groups/*; do find $a -type l; done | sort --version-sort



Edit BIOS setting is not enabled#

If output is not expected, configure BIOS setting



  • Advanced => System Agent Configuration => Intel VT for Directed I/O (VT-d)


Isolation of the guest GPU#

graph LR subgraph C [guest] C1[PCI device] end subgraph B [hypervisor] B1[VFIO] --> C1[PCI device] end subgraph A [Host] A1[PCI device] --> B1[VFIO] end

Using vfio-pci to manage PCI device#

Find out vendor ID and device ID#

lspci -nn | grep -i NVIDIA

01:00.0 VGA compatible controller [0300]: NVIDIA Corporation TU102 [GeForce RTX 2080 Ti] [10de:1e04] (rev a1)01:00.1 Audio device [0403]: NVIDIA Corporation TU102 High Definition Audio Controller [10de:10f7] (rev a1)01:00.2 USB controller [0c03]: NVIDIA Corporation TU102 USB 3.1 Host Controller [10de:1ad6] (rev a1)01:00.3 Serial bus controller [0c80]: NVIDIA Corporation TU102 USB Type-C UCSI Controller [10de:1ad7] (rev a1)

GeForce RTX 2080 Ti VGA compatible controller: PCI ID:01:00.0 vendor ID: 10de device ID: 1e04

Configure GRUB#


Apply all the related devices

GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="intel_iommu=on vfio-pci.ids=10de:1e04,10de:10f7,10de:1ad6,10de:1ad7"

Update GRUB#

sudo update-grub


sudo reboot

Verify PCI device is managed by vfio-pci#

lspci -nnv

Find the line Kernel driver in use

0b:00.0 VGA compatible controller [0300]: NVIDIA Corporation TU102 [GeForce RTX 2080 Ti] [10de:1e04] (rev a1) (prog-if 00 [VGA controller])...Kernel driver in use: vfio-pci

Test GPU passthrough on kvm instance#

Fresh install#

Run virt-install with --host-device [device_id] and --features kvm_hidden=on parameters

virt-install ... \--host-device 01:00.0 \--features kvm_hidden=on \

Modify existing instance#

virsh edit [domain]

Add PCI mapping hostdev block

0000:01:00.0 within the host will be mapped to 0000:04:00.0 within guest


bus number should less than virtio's

Increase virtio's bus number to spare small number for new added entry

<devices>  ...    <hostdev mode='subsystem' type='pci' managed='yes'>      <source>        <address domain='0x0000' bus='0x01' slot='0x00'function='0x0'/>      </source>      <address type='pci' domain='0x0000' bus='0x04'slot='0x00' function='0x0'/>    </hostdev>    <memballoon model='virtio'>      <address type='pci' domain='0x0000' bus='0x05'slot='0x00' function='0x0'/>    </memballoon>    <rng model='virtio'>      <backend model='random'>/dev/urandom</backend>      <address type='pci' domain='0x0000' bus='0x06'slot='0x00' function='0x0'/>    </rng></devices>

kvm hidden within features block

<features>...  <kvm>    <hidden state='on'/>  </kvm></features>

Check GPU is working in guest#


04:00.0 VGA compatible controller: NVIDIA Corporation TU102[GeForce RTX 2080 Ti] (rev a1)

Install NVIDIA driver

sudo apt updatesudo apt install nvidia-driver-460sudo reboot


Wed Mar 10 08:19:43 2021+---------------------------------------------------------------------------+| NVIDIA-SMI 460.39       Driver Version: 460.39       CUDVersion: 11.2     ||-------------------------------+--------------------+----------------------+| GPU  Name        Persistence-M| Bus-Id        Disp.A Volatile Uncorr. ECC || Fan  Temp  Perf  Pwr:Usage/Cap|         Memory-Usage GPU-Util  Compute M. ||                               |                    |               MIG M. ||===============================+====================+======================||   0  GeForce RTX 208...  Off  | 00000000:04:00.0 Of|                  N/A || 15%   44C    P0     1W / 250W |      0MiB / 11019Mi|      0%      Default ||                               |                    |                  N/A |+-------------------------------+--------------------+----------------------++---------------------------------------------------------------------------+Processes:                                                                ||  GPU   GI   CI        PID   Type   Procesname                  GPU Memory ||        ID ID                                                 Usage      |===========================================================================||  No running processefound                                                 |+---------------------------------------------------------------------------+